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PNG Engineer Develops new Blockchain Technology - Based E-Voting System for Elections

A Papua New Guinean engineer has developed a blockchain technology-based E-Voting platform designed to help democratic countries run cheap and yet successful elections beyond human manipulation and fraud.

The new cutting-edge election system developed by Australia-based aerospace engineer Nicholas Wabiria delivers real time election result, solves and circumvents both manmade and natural problems encountered during elections, and significantly lowers the cost of running elections.

Mr Wabiria grew up in a politician’s home and hails from Hela Province where electoral corruption and election related problems are usually high.

His father the late Sir Andrew Wabiria OBE was a pioneer leader from Hela Province and a member of the House of Assembly.

Based on his personal experience coupled with his problem solving-technology oriented mindset, Mr Wabiria has put a lot of time doing in-depth research on election situation in PNG and innovated the formidable solution that would be the greatest weapon to fight electoral corruption and elevate democracy.

The founder and CEO of Australian incorporated Wabiria Electoral Solution (WES) said: “I grew up in a politician home understanding very well the nature of PNG election and evolution of election corruption we face from all levels.

“I purposely built this customized innovation based on my sound PNG Elections knowledge that circumvents problems associated with geographical terrains, lack of modern infrastructure, law and order issues, and people’s attitude and views on election.”

“Therefore, unlike other electoral machines such as the American or Indian or Biometric machines that PNGEC is talking about, Wabiria Electoral Solution is customized to be user-friendly and workable in PNG-like environment and background.”

“I have built this innovation for PNG. You don’t have to expect someone from India or America to design an innovative system for PNG, because I have more local knowledge than they do,” Mr Wabiria said.

The objective of WES is to implement and deliver a system that step-by-step solves, addresses, and circumvents electoral abuses and misconducts to deliver elections successfully in PNG and other developing countries encountering similar electoral problems.

“As we have seen during the past elections, supporters sometimes kill each other and die over the ballot boxes and ballot papers. They tamper, chop and damage ballot boxes and outlook shows nothing will stop them doing same in future elections.

“The way we run elections have shown that privacy, secrecy and security of the voters are compromised and don’t exist, while women and children and other vulnerable citizens are denied their rights to cast votes freely.

“Polling stations are usually overcrowded, where supporters fight each other over the ballot boxes and ballot papers, while they directly suppress democratic process of choosing leaders without fear or favour."

WES election system is a decentralized system designed to tackle the problems that arise from the way PNG traditionally run elections to present unbiased election results.

WES will solve major election problems such as printing of extra ballot papers, hijacking of ballot boxes and papers, polling booth chaos, disorder and rigging of elections, policing inefficiencies and briberies, manipulation of vote counting, double voting, by-elections, funding for national election and irregularities in counting process.

It will further bring peace amongst supporters and harmonious election process as system takes over every election processes leaving no reason for supporters to fight each other.

Mr Wabiria has recently proposed to PNG Electoral Commission to adopt its election system during the 2022 National Election.

“With our latest innovation, we intend to help PNG Electoral Commission save millions of kina and run very simple and yet peaceful election very efficiently.”

“We understand that PNG Electoral Commission is exploring the possibilities to use the Indian Electronic Voting Machine (EMV) or Biometric voting machine.”

“However we (as a country) are too early to use such biometric voting machines or Indian EVM as they will not address election related challenges at hand but have potential to make them worse and I will explain that in the next article/interview.”

"WES will certainly address all the electoral challenges we have.

“Our people’s ways, culture, attitudes and wiliness to follow procedures and processes are opposite.

“Infrastructure, attitude of many uncivilised people coupled with weak law and order system and lack of education cannot peacefully and appreciatively use Biometric and other voting machines while the existing ballot box/paper based election system will continue to create more problems."

“Therefore, we invite PNG Electoral Commission to utilize our innovation to conduct 2022 national elections.”

Mr Wabiria has also suggested if PNG Electoral Commission can engage his team to test the WES system during any of the by-elections between now and 2022 so the election authority can see how the system works, and if need be, further integration or customization can be done to the system to perfectly suit PNG environment.

The WES system was tested, proven and had delivered three successful official election outcomes in Melbourne, Australia.

“We have successfully conducted three community elections in Melbourne, Australia; the African Community Executive Elections, Victorian PNG Community Elections and the Revival Church Youth Election, where WES system has received positive reviews and encouraging feedbacks.

“We are further lobbying to run Australian Islamic Society Executive Elections (Australia Wide) at the moment, RMIT University, University of Melbourne, Monash University and the Victoria University student elections, which all have a population of half a million plus,” Mr Wabiria said.

HOW PNCEC WOULD IMPLEMENT ELECTIONS USING WES VOTING PLATFORM

WES is an independent blockchain technology-based innovative election platform designed to solve and circumvent the issues that contribute to overall rigging, fraud, and failed elections that have been the norm and a hard-to-solve issue in PNG and other parts of the world.

If PNG Electoral Commission opts the WES system to run the 2022 National Elections, it will be a great success as existing limitations and problems will be tackled by this system, thus giving a free, fair election result.

Below are the five simple steps PNG Electoral Commission would be required to follow using WES platform and, with the help of our team to successfully deliver the Election

STAGE 1: MAKING BALLOT CARDS
PNG Electoral commission enters the names of their eligible voters from the Electoral Roll into the WES system, and the system automatically generates ballot cards for every eligible voter. The ballot card generated for each voter has the individual's name on it with its electorate and the voters' code number. The voters’ code number is concealed on the card and can only be scratched off by the voters. The cards are generated, stacked, and ready for delivery on the appointed day, time and place.

STAGE 2: DISTRIBUTION OF BALLOT CARDS
The second step is the distribution of the ballot cards to the voters. Unlike thousands of army, police and security personnel escorting ballot papers and ballot boxes costing millions on logistics and security, the PNG Electoral Commission only needs at most 20 police officers. We won't need excess trucks or other vehicles to transport ballot boxes, either. We need approximately 3 to 4 vehicles for each province depending on the province size, and the same vehicle will be used to stage consecutive elections following day in every province. The stack of Ballot cards in just a box or two will be transported instead of truck loads of ballot papers and ballot boxes. This will significantly cut the cost associated with logistics, security and accommodations as well as reduce the cost of buying ballot boxes and printing ballot papers.

STAGE 3: VOTE CASTING/POLLING
PNG Electoral Commission team members or electoral officials will be deployed to designated areas in every concerned electorate/constituencies in the country to run elections and distribute the cards to the eligible voters. When the voters receive those sealed cards with their names and the concealed voucher number (voter’s code), straight away, they have their voucher, which could be like their password activated, and they are ready to start voting from anywhere, anytime but within the time limit set by PNGEC.

The software has a mobile phone number that the voters will use to send their text message of votes. The software has local mobile phone numbers for every country. The software has an inbox for incoming text messages of votes. The election system automatically does the counting and updates the score in real time and the result generated at the end of the Election. Software sends vote receipt/feedback to the voters.

“You have successfully voted, thank you”, You can’t vote twice. are some of the feedback the system itself automatically sends back to the voters.

STAGE 4: COUNTING AND DECLARATION
Counting and declaration will be automated, and there won't be any human or external interference. When the count button of the software is pressed, the software will automatically proceed with the counting process and the declaration is subsequently made thereafter. Human interferences and manipulations of counting as always happened during the past elections will be avoided at this stage.

STAGE 5: PROVIDING ELECTION REPORT
The Election log plays another important role. The WES platform will automatically generate a report itself and stored in the election log. The software will generate a report of every single activity performed, and the report is printable. PNG Electoral Commission will keep this report for future reference in the case as an official proof to present to court if a candidate decides to dispute the outcome of the election to the court of disputed returns.

COST FOR WES SYSTEM
WES system is a Blockchain technology-based software system which requires a minimum device requirement of 2GB RAM and 150GB storage to run its full capacity at the admin side, and at the voters’ side requires any mobile phone. Same mobile phone can be used by many voters, thus suiting Melanesian culture of sharing. This makes WES a customized, cheap and affordable system, in comparison to the other systems, such as biometric, card reader, traditional ballot, and other software and voting machines. WES system will significantly reduce the cost of running election.

DATA SECURITY
WES is built on blockchain technology and user information encrypted with a lightweight cryptography algorithm, which enables secured and low computation costs to avoid slow execution of the task.

The blockchain is a distributed ledger technology which works on the principle of peer-to-peer transaction where there is no interference of the third party. Its decentralized functioning makes it hack-free and tamper-free.

The immutability features of blockchain further adds to the security of the system. Some of the features of blockchain that proves beneficial to WES or any other blockchain-based election systems are immutability, transparency, traceability, decentralization and peer-to-peer interaction.

ABOUT
Wabiria Electoral Solution (WES) is an Australian incorporated independent company (ABN: 22173639505) based in Melbourne, Australia. WES innovation is a blockchain-powered technology built to run high-security online elections for government and non-government elections such as corporate directors, associations, churches, schools, university student elections, community elections and many more. The technology supports different electoral methods such as Limited Preferential Voting (LPV), Singular-Non Transferable Voting (SNTV) and First-Past-the-Post (FPTP) systems. WES innovation excels in complex, high-security elections that operates above election corruption and helps voters achieve full democracy. WES was founded by Nicholas Wabiria, a Papua New Guinean Aerospace Engineer and a graduate of Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT). The directors and all key personnel of the company have no political affiliations or interests that could compromise the independence or integrity of elections run, involve, or paid for using our system.

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